See other articles in PMC that cite the published article. Abstract In this article, we discuss theory and research on how individuals who have insecure adult romantic attachment orientations typically think, feel, and behave when they or their romantic partners encounter certain types of chronic or acute stress. We then discuss a diathesis-stress process model that has guided our research, highlighting studies that provide support for certain pathways of the model. These behavioral tendencies increased the chances of surviving to reproductive age, which permitted the genes that coded for the attachment system to be passed on to offspring [ 4 ]. This principle is one of the fundamental tenets of attachment theory. For several years, we and others have investigated how individuals who have different adult romantic attachment orientations think, feel, and behave in different types of stressful situations.
These insecurities may lead us to:Tune out and turn off — If our parent is unavailable and self-absorbed, we may—as children—get lost in our own inner world, avoiding any close, emotional connections. As adults, we may become physically and emotionally distant in relationships. As adults, we may be available one moment and rejecting the next. As adults, we may not love easily and may be insensitive to the needs of our partner. Develop slowly — Such delays manifest themselves as deficits and result in subsequent physical and mental health problems, and social and learning disabilities. Resulting adult characteristics: Able to create meaningful relationships; empathetic; able to set appropriate boundaries. Avoidant Attachment style: Parental style: Unavailable or rejecting.
How the Attachment Bond Shapes Adult Relationships
H1 — Engagement in problematic Facebook use will be predicted by higher levels of attachment insecurity. Specifically; H1a — Engagement in social comparison on Facebook will be predicted by higher levels of attachment anxiety. H1b — Engagement in impression management on Facebook will be predicted by higher levels of attachment anxiety. H1c- Engagement in self-disclosures on Facebook will be predicted by higher levels of attachment anxiety.
Dismissive-avoidant Fearful-avoidant The secure and dismissive attachment styles are associated with higher self-esteem compared with the anxious and fearful attachment styles. This corresponds to the distinction between positive and negative thoughts about the self in working models. The secure and anxious attachment styles are associated with higher sociability than the dismissive or fearful attachment styles.