A referendum in Romania this weekend to define marriage explicitly as between a man and woman underlines the largely East-West split in Europe over same-sex unions. In the Netherlands became the first country in the world to allow gay and lesbian couples to marry in a civil ceremony. In several of these countries, gay marriage had been preceded by civil partnerships, which come with fewer rights, Denmark being the pioneer in Some European countries still only allow such partnerships, rather than marriage, including Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Greece, Hungary, Italy and Switzerland. Slovenians also allow civil partnerships but in rejected in a referendum a proposal to legalise gay marriage.
Same-Sex Marriage: Global Comparisons | Council on Foreign Relations
View full dataset in data explorer. See details on page 'Entering a same-sex civil partnership'. About this website Data Protection Top. In the other seven countries, LGBTI persons may enter civil partnerships, provided they are over 18 years old.
Where Europe stands on gay marriage and civil unions
Sixteen out of the 26 countries that have legalised same-sex marriage worldwide are situated in Europe. A further twelve European countries have legalised civil unions or other forms of more limited recognition for same-sex couples. Armenia recognizes same-sex marriages performed in any foreign jurisdiction where they are permitted. Several European countries do not recognise any form of same-sex unions.
Same-sex marriage has been legalized in twenty-seven countries, including the United States, and civil unions are recognized in many Western democracies. Yet same-sex marriage remains banned in many countries, and the expansion of broader lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender LGBT rights has been uneven globally. International organizations, including the United Nations, have issued resolutions in support of LGBT rights, but human rights groups say these organizations have limited power to enforce these newly recognized rights. Civil Society. Javier Corrales, a professor at Amherst College who focuses on LGBT rights in Latin America, points to income levels and the influence of religion in politics, as well as the overall strength of democracy, to explain regional divergences [PDF].